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Our Indigenous History

The Paramangk and Kaurna People

We acknowledge that we are on the traditional lands of the Peramangk and Kaurna people and we recognise their connection with the land.

Before the arrival of Europeans this region of the Adelaide Hills was inhabited by the Peramangk. The area was rich in vital resources – food, water and firewood, animals for fur, stone, timber and resins for making tools, bark for huts, shields and canoes and pigments for painting. Their early contact with Europeans was mostly peaceful however, with the encroachment of European settlement upon their hunting grounds, some open conflicts did arise. Even then there was little violence and, in some cases, food and other items were given in exchange for assistance with the harvest. Many places and property names are derived from Aboriginal words. Artefacts, scar trees and shelter paintings reveal evidence of Peramangk occupation of the Adelaide Hills region.

Kaurna territory extended from Cape Jervis at the bottom of the Fleurieu Peninsula to Port Wakefield on the eastern shore of Gulf St Vincent, and as far north as Crystal Brook in the Mid North. Tindale claimed clans were found living in the vicinity of Snowtown, Blyth, Hoyleton, Hamley Bridge, Clarendon, Gawler and Myponga. The stringy bark forests of the Mount Lofty Ranges have been claimed as a traditional boundary between "Kaurna" and Peramangk people.