We acknowledge that we are on the traditional lands of the Peramangk and Kaurna people and we recognise their connection with the land.
Long before the arrival of Europeans the Mount Lofty ranges were inhabited by the Peramangk Aboriginal people who managed and preserved the Adelaide Hills, using fire to clear old grasses and promote fresh plant growth. They also covered freshwater rock holes to keep their water supply clean and maintained many walking tracks. The area was rich in vital resources – food, water and firewood, animals for fur, stone, timber and resins for making tools, bark for huts, shields and canoes and pigments for painting.
Peramangk country extends as far north as the Barossa and east to the banks of the Murray River. Their neighbours are the Ngarrindjeri people of the Coorong and Lakes regions and the Kaurna people of the Adelaide Plains to the west, with whom the Peramangk would regularly meet for trade and ceremony. Ceremony played an important role in their lives, with corroborees and meetings held to settle disagreements, for initiation, marriage and trade.
Kaurna territory extends from Cape Jervis at the bottom of the Fleurieu Peninsula to Port Wakefield on the eastern shore of Gulf St Vincent, and as far north as Crystal Brook in the Mid North with some groups believed to have lived in the vicinity of Clarendon in the Adelaide Hills. The stringy bark forests of the Mount Lofty Ranges have been claimed as a traditional boundary between Kaurna and Peramangk people.
The Peramangk’s early contact with Europeans was mostly peaceful however, with the encroachment of European settlement upon their hunting grounds, some open conflicts did arise. Even then there was little violence and, in some cases, food and other items were given in exchange for assistance with the harvest.
Many places and property names are derived from Aboriginal words.
Artefacts, scar trees and shelter paintings reveal evidence of Peramangk occupation of the Adelaide Hills region.
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